How to grow an avocado tree from the core

Posted by Tonya Harrison on
How to grow an avocado tree from the core

One of the easiest plants to grow from a seed is the avocado. It may seem strange but alone or with children, in just over 2 months you will have a good experience of how life blossoms from a simple large kernel.

How to grow an avocado tree from the core
And without making too much effort or having a green thumb… Here is a short guide consisting of a few simple steps, to grow a tree of avocado from its seed.

  1. Gently remove and clean the seed. Make sure you don’t wash away the thin brown film that wraps around it, but only the flesh residue.
  2. It is important to pay attention to the sharpest part of the seed, because it will be the part from which the roots will grow.
  3. Place 3 toothpicks, at a slight angle of 45 degrees, around the entire circumference of the seed. The toothpicks act as a support, they will help you to keep the seed afloat on the edge of a glass while the flat part of the seed will remain immersed in water.
  4. Place the glass in a sunny sill and remember to change the water at least once a week, to avoid the proliferation of fungi and bacteria. Choose a transparent glass so you can see the roots of your avocado grow!
  5. When cracks start to form inside the seed and the brown skin starts to fall, the first roots will appear at the bottom. Make sure they never stay dry: avocado is a delicate plant, it would die in a very short time. Be patient, it will take about 8 weeks!
  6. When your seedling has reached approximately 15-20 centimetres, tick it (7 centimetres will be enough) to encourage further growth. When you reach 15-20 centimetres again, plant it in a 20-25 centimetre pot in a humus-rich soil. Make sure that the upper part of the seed remains exposed to the air, then place the pot in the part of the house most exposed to the sun. It is a tropical plant, so the more sun it receives, the better.
  7. Always keep your plant’s soil well moistened.
  8. Once you reach about 30 cm, your plant is ready to be pruned. Cut off the first leaves at the top so that they become thicker, and do it again as soon as it grows a further 15 cm.

If the plant is subject to aphids, don’t worry: get rid of the insects by gently rinsing the leaves under running water, then spray the plant with a mixture of water, a tip of dish detergent and a teaspoon of Neem oil, an evergreen typical of India.

Perfectly off your balcony in summer, the avocado plant needs a warmer autumn-winter environment before temperatures start to drop below 7 degrees.

So it’s easy to have a green thumb! Here are also some great and easy recipes with avocado to prepare with the fruits of your plant.


Sustainable agriculture means less waste of land and water. And more healthy food for 10 billion people, how many will we be in 2050?

Posted by Tonya Harrison on
Sustainable agriculture means less waste of land and water. And more healthy food for 10 billion people, how many will we be in 2050?

Sustainability in agriculture is primarily concerned with producers, men and women who cannot be strangled by the strong hand of buyers. The SAI platform and the Findus case to promote respect for the land.


We always talk, in economics, about the technological industry, services, manufacturing, and we often forget that over 60 percent of the world population still depends on agriculture. Not only. By 2050, so in a few years time, the planet’s population will reach 10 billion people, and the demand for agricultural products will grow by at least 50 percent.

Who will be able to respond to this huge demand for food? And with which techniques and production methods that do not become yet another opportunity to waste one of the most important resources for man, precisely the earth, and therefore nature? Around these questions, we play the game of sustainable agriculture, at the top of the goals of the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development, the editorial compass of this site.


When we talk about sustainable agriculture, we mean first of all three fundamental things. First of all work so that in the cultivation there is more efficiency in the use of productive factors such as fertilizers, energy and water. A way to get more efficiency, less waste and less pollution. As for water, waste and consumption can be cut, for example, thanks to the introduction of efficient, efficient irrigation systems that can supply small volumes of water by calculating and administering the real water needs of the plants. The second pivot of sustainable agriculture is another equation: more fertile soil with less fertilizer. A goal to be achieved, for example by using the right crop rotations. In this case, for example, a cultivation can return to the same field not before a certain suitable period. Thirdly, agriculture is truly sustainable when, even before the land, it respects people, communities that work in the agricultural sector, the territory where it is produced, with its identity and its specificities. And in the respect of the people in the first place it falls the fact that the farmers, cannot be forced, from the strong hand of the buyer, not to have clarity and balance in the definition of the prices, the quantities and the quality of each product.  


These principles in recent years have been adopted by companies active in the sector that are increasingly investing in sustainable agriculture. One of these is Findus, one of the leaders in the frozen food market, which has joined the SAI Platform, the main international initiative on sustainability in agriculture. This membership involves the verification of the Findus plant production, through an in-depth analysis that covers all aspects of sustainability.

To apply these principles, and in keeping with a path taken years ago, Findus has begun to promote agriculture that guarantees respect for the land and protects farmers and their crops. In sustainability that is not only environmental, but also social and economic.

In order to use less fertilizers than to practice crop rotation, Findus performs soil analysis annually to assess soil fertility so as to be able to define fertilization protocols by accurately calculating the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content, in order to intervene in targeted way and thus distribute only the nutrients necessary for the correct growth of plants. Finally, Findus decided to focus a lot on relationships, which is why it supports the 672 Italian farms with which it collaborates on the territory with its own and third-party technicians and agronomists. A commitment that, also through the definition of the price before sowing, aims to promote sustainable agriculture in the territory, of which the community can benefit in social, economic and environmental terms.

In addition to the commitment ‘on the field’, Findus is also dedicated to telling its own mission through the Findus Green Camp , a real journey towards sustainability in the company of Fabrizio, the agronomist Findus, and 4 young explorers who have the task of explaining the techniques, the curiosities and the principles of sustainable agriculture for the cultivation of vegetables of the Minestrone Tradizione Findus .


Thanks to the efforts made, Findus aims to produce 90% of the total plant volumes according to the FSA sustainability standard (Farm Sustainability Assessment) by 2019, the verification scheme developed by SAI that allows to analyze its own agricultural practices in depth and covering all aspects of sustainable agriculture. The techniques used will weave products such as Minestrone Tradizione, Piselli and Spinaci, and will be verified by an audit by a third party.


Working with animals: the professions in contact with animals

Posted by Tonya Harrison on
Working with animals: the professions in contact with animals

How many of us would like to escape from the sad walls of our office and work with animals ?

Even if at first glance it would seem difficult to transform our passion into a real job, with the hard and constant commitment, an adequate preparation, strong passion and a bit of luck it is possible to work with animals.

Tenacity is the decisive factor in my opinion for success or failure in any field.

The type of work is more coveted, the more difficult it is to get it and if on the one hand it is a source of stress on the other it is an incentive to do it all.

Final satisfaction will be greater. Those who want to work with animals have various possibilities before them.

The professions are different, some require an appropriate schooling and others do not.

Some professions are well known and of long tradition while others are new of the last generation.

Before bringing you the different professions related to the world of animals, I want to recommend the book The Animal Encyclopedia, a complete work for those who love animals full of great photos and detailed descriptions. Rated 10/10.

work with animals1.Veterinario;

For those who want to work with animals , that of the vet is the profession par excellence. Becoming a veterinarian deserves an article if for the vastness of the subject.

To become a veterinarian, a 5-year university study path plus the state qualifying examination is required.

After completing the qualification, you must pass a further admission test to the graduate school for three years.

As you can see, the path is not short-lived. However, if you start as a young man, guided by a strong passion and are flexible to travel, there are many career opportunities. The veterinarian in fact does not only deal with domestic animals but also and above all with farmed animals.

Dog sitting;

An innovative professional figure, the dog sitter is the one who takes care of the dogs of others. No specific degrees are required to carry out this profession but it is a good idea to possess a canine driver license.

Dog sitter is an innovative profession that is increasingly expanding both in Italy and abroad.

Wellness clinics;

Yes, not only men and women love to be treated. Animal welfare clinics include a wide range of professional figures who take care of the psychophysical wellbeing of animals.

If you don’t have an animal (like me) maybe you can’t understand how the owners love their animals and they would do everything for their well-being. For this reason there are wellness clinics.

Educational farms;

This is my dream, so don’t try to compete with me. Joking aside, an educational farm is just a farm where children can interact with the animal world, learning to be in contact with nature.

In an increasingly alienating world, a return to the origins and traditions through the education of children is not only useful but necessary.

These farms can work closely with schools and parents, organizing outdoor activities and outings.

Is not it fantastic?


Even if those who want to work with animals normally love animals and don’t want to kill them, being a breeder can still be a major challenge.

Without getting caught up in useless hypocrisy, most of us are omnivorous.

I personally am, however, one thing that I do not tolerate is the torture that animals suffer while they are alive. Repulsive images of intensive farming are leading me to become aware of the type of product I consume.

I have significantly reduced my consumption of meat and only eat the one coming from certified farms when possible. The animal even if destined for human consumption has a dignity and as such must be respected.

This is why those who truly love animals can decide to become a responsible breeder and aware of the rights that animals have.

In addition to this you can become a breeder of animals with different purpose as a breeder of dogs, horses and fish for aquariums. As you can see, there are many possibilities.

Work at the Zoo;

I personally hate zoos. Wild animals should live freely in their natural environment. However, if the Zoo is intended as a safeguard and education structure then it is welcome.

The professional figures are varied, from maintenance to dissemination with visitors. Some of them need specific preparation, while others do not.

Marine Biologist;

As a Marine Biologist, you can work with animals in different areas. For example, you can drive sea excursions for tourists, or work in a water park or aquarium.

Unfortunately in Italy the job opportunities are quite limited but it is not said that in the future it cannot change.


Many environmental associations work trying to defend the environment and this inevitably leads to contact with animals.

Guard park;

Whether it is marine or terrestrial parks, the figure of the park guard is a much sought after location. In Italy, it is possible to work for the Forest Guard after winning a public competition.


The zoologist is the scholar who studies animals. Within this branch of Biology, Zoology is divided into various categories. For example, one of the best known is the branch of Ornithology, that is the study of birds.

To become a zoologist it is necessary to obtain a five-year degree.

As you can see, the possibilities for working with animals are different.

The most important thing is to be driven by a strong passion due to the strong competition in this field. A job in contact with nature is a popular destination for many so the only passion is not enough if it is not accompanied by adequate preparation.

The important thing to be able to work with animals is to persevere and not give up at the first adversity. If you liked the article working with animals and want to keep in touch with my Blog Open Company, you can add yourself to the Facebook page.


Vineyard fertilization: which product to choose for foliar fertilization

Posted by Tonya Harrison on
Vineyard fertilization: which product to choose for foliar fertilization

The fertilization of the vineyard is a fundamental practice to obtain an optimal yield from its cultivation.

The fertilization of the vine, because of its importance, it is a complex matter that, in addition to a good knowledge of the plant (of which you must constantly monitor any deficiencies or excesses of nitrogen, potassium, magnesium, iron and the like) provides a careful study of the composition of the soil and subsoil , which hosts the production.

It is precisely on the basis of these factors, which is made of the plan of manuring, which will determine periods and mode of fertilization, to preserve the health and productivity of the vineyard; according to the different stages of the development of the vineyard itself.

In a historical moment in which the consequences of climate change, now in place for several years, are manifesting in a more and more significant, especially in periods of spring, fertilisation, foliar application can become a valuable ally in the protection of vineyards.

For the Italian agriculture and the Italian (and global) has become practice to deal with cases of “exceptional weather” in the spring: phenomena, out of season, such as hailstorms, floods, snow, frost even in lowland areas, very strong winds and cold, in fact, cause serious damage to all crops and affect the yield both in terms qulalitativi quantitative.

In a delicate sector such as viticulture, and similar events can cause (and have caused) massive damage. It is for this reason that composting has become increasingly important for farmers.

There are many companies that, with their wide range of products and experience in the industry, can help farmers to make a plan of fertilization of the vineyard; among these must certainly be mentioned COMPO EXPERT, an important reference in the field of horticulture, fruit-growing and viticulture, and in the nursery.

A proper planning of fertilizing, in fact, can really make the difference and solve the arise problems such as failure to fruit setting and maturation, resulting in millerandage and non-filling of the bunch.

The plan of fertilizing can make all the difference when it comes to the quality of the grapes.

The different types of fertilizer to the vineyard

The mode of fertilization of the vineyard are four and they differ because each of them has the purpose to accompany the cultivation of specific moments of his life:

  • The fertilizer fund, to be carried out prior to planting of the plant, prepares the soil for the cultivation
  • The fertilization of departure, to be paid for the first 3 years of the life of the plant, helps the growth of the vineyard and the graduation production
  • The fertilizer production, to be carried out each year, provides the proper nutrition while avoiding excesses or deficiencies of nutrients
  • The fertilization foliar, also to be run annually, allows you to make nutrients immediately available to the plant with the aim of preventing and treating deficiencies and abiotic stress

The manuring, the leaf blade and its importance in viticulture

Although all of the fertilizers listed so far are very important in viticulture that the leaf is of particular importance because it allows you to administer macroelements or microelements in the format that is soluble to the plant, and it integrates very well with the classical soil fertilization.

It is precisely at this juncture that the products COMPO EXPERT can make all the difference: the company produces different types of products for foliar application of proven quality and effectiveness, interpreting them according to the most innovative technologies in the industry.

Which products to choose for the manuring, the leaf blade of the screw?

The big advantage of manuring, the leaf blade is to be able to make nutrients immediately available to the plant, with the aim of preventing or curing the temporary nutritional stress and make a real activation of the physiology of the processes of the response of plants to stress.

Especially after serious episodes of bad weather, it is necessary to use products that put in motion the biochemical and physiological processes within the plant tissues of the plant.

The line Basfoliar® COMPO EXPERT is ideal for these applications and is composed of products that are adaptable to each stage of the development of the vineyard as envisaged by the plan of fertilization.

Basfoliar® Kelp for proper root development

Basfoliar® Kelp of COMPO EXPERT

Basfoliar® Kelp is a bio-stimulating, natural, high-quality extract from the seaweed Ecklonia maxima, which is capable of:

  • Strengthen the response of plants to abiotic stress (such as frosts and hailstorms)
  • Improve the development radical, the absorption of nutrients and water, increase plant production and, therefore, the yields in quantity and quality

Products for pre-flowering: Basfoliar® Aktiv and Solubor® DF

Basfoliar® Aktiv of COMPO EXPERT

When applied as by pre-flowering, the bio-stimulating Basfoliar® Aktiv (in addition to acting on the levels of phosphorus and potassium) increases the production of natural defensive substances, such fitoalessine, naturally produced by plants. In addition, its high content of potassium helps to strengthen the plant tissues, and to improve the production and translocation of sugars in the reserve organs, which will improve the quality of the productions.

Basfoliar® Aktiv, enriched with plant hormones of plant origin (Basfoliar® Kelp), helps to:

  • To foster a better resistance to abiotic stresses (such as water and heat)
  • Improve the growth and vegetative-productive and, therefore, the yield in quantity and quality

In addition, to help with the pollination and fruit set, we suggest the application of Solubor® DF, a fertilizer micro-colored with a base of boron, which prevents and cures the deficiencies.

Products for the post-flowering: Basfoliar® CaMag and Agrilon® Microcombi

Basfoliar® CaMag of COMPO EXPERT

In the phase of post-flowering, to substantially reduce the deficiencies of calcium and magnesium, it is recommended the use of Basfoliar® CaMag, which is a liquid product based on boron, calcium and magnesium.

The presence of boron in traces it is essential to get the calcium, element that is not very mobile within the plant tissues.

The calcium and magnesium, working in total synergy, put in motion an action for the strengthening of plant tissues and stimulation of photosynthetic activity.

Its application also helps to prevent the dehydration of the spine.

Another important aid is given by the corrective Agrilon® Microcombi, the action of which prevents and treats the physiological alterations or nutritional imbalances due to lack of availability of microelements.

This product contains magnesium and all major and trace elements in the form chelated, that promote rapid absorption of trace elements, both by leaf and root.


Let’s find out everything about the use of peat and its nutritional properties for plants

Posted by Tonya Harrison on
Let’s find out everything about the use of peat and its nutritional properties for plants

Peat is the first stage of carbon coke formation. It is therefore used as a fuel, but above all as a substrate and mulch for vegetable gardens and gardens. There are many peat-based products on the market, such as whiskey and anti-contracture pillows. Let’s find out a little better.

Peat etymology

The meaning of the word comes from the French tourbe.

Peat meaning

The peat is a deposit of plant remains waterlogged.

Also called the ‘fossil fuel of quaternary age’, consists of 50-60% carbon, 5-7% of hydrogen, 30 to 40% of water and between 1% and 3% of nitrogen.

How do you form the peat

They form in soils full of water in the absence of oxygen and hydrogen (typically, pools of water, wetlands). That’s why, sometimes, between the layers, you can also find insects and the carcasses of other animals.

Because of the acidity of the environment and of the cold, in fact, these deposits do not decompose completely, but are able to emit greenhouse gases. To form 1-1,5 mm it takes 1 year!

Peat coal

Having a low water content, and ash is considered a fossil fuel poor, characterized by a very high percentage of humidity. It’s most used for the production of electricity.

Light, spongy, and can contain up to 90% of water, which is reduced by up to 30% after drying. It is, therefore, a coal age recently, which is used more as concimante and fertilizer.

The peat smoke?

It is useful for heating where there is no wood or fossil fuels. But its calorific value is very low, especially in relation to the amount of smoke generated.

Generates smoke also, of course, during the process of carbonization and fossilization, which transforms into lignite, coal and anthracite. That is, only with the evaporation of moisture from the surrounding.

As the peat used in scotch

But it is also useful to the process of distillation; it is in fact responsible for the taste peaty whisky. More peat burning (from a few hours to a few days), the more the whisky will be smoky.

When you add to scotch

Is merged with the whisky at the time of maltatura.

Through special ovens called a kiln, the grains of barley dry, and the smoke penetrates in the beans still damp, creating a pungent aroma and smoky, typical especially of the scottish whiskies.

Peat potting soil

It is mainly combined with the potting soil vegetable and flower gardens, as being the acidic and fibrous, it makes the soil light and soft: ideal for ornamental plants.

By lowering the pH of the soil helps in the cultivation of acidophilic plants, such as azalea, hydrangea , and heather; and encourages the germination and keeps off the pests.

Sphagnum peat

The sphagnum moss (Sphagnum) is the so-called moss peat. It is an aquatic plant that helps in the formation of bogs, marshes or swamps where the peat.

If air-dried, sphagnum becomes the main ingredient of the potting soil for the cultivation of orchids, tropical plants, and carnivorous, and is useful in the rooting of cuttings. When it is green, is from the substrate and the gasket for plants with aerial roots.

Peat acid

Is another way to define the sphagnum peat. Can be milled, in clods, or frozen.

How do I collect the peat

  • Peat, milled, collection from April to September, from the surface layer of a peat bog (approximately 1-2 cm from the surface). Before harvesting, a layer 2 cm thick is turned over several times, and dried in the air and in the sun and then poured into piles.
  • Peat sods, obtained through the extraction in rectangular pieces from bogs. These tiles are arranged on the surface to be so dried and dried. It is the most easy to preserve.
  • Peat frozen extracted to a depth of 40 cm. In the winter, the sod is turned over several times to be well-exposed to the cold. Until the next year, when it is harvested (always between April and September). It is the most permeable.

What is the peat

But the peat acid is also distinguished by the degree of grinding:

  • Fine fractions: finely ground is useful to the cultivation of vegetables and for the seed, but it is used often in parks, on golf courses and in public areas
  • Mean fraction: is the one present in the potting soil universal. Useful to improve the conditions of the terrain, it can also be used for the cultivation of plants and flowers in pots and greenhouses
  • Coarse fraction: it is the most permeable. Is used therefore as a substrate, and is ideal for the garage home in great vasiere, for the growth of conifers, plants, berries, ornamental plants, and as a mulch for the roses.

Peat acidic sphagnum

The acid of pure sphagnum moss comes from the surface layers of the peat bogs of central and northern Europe, Canada, Australia, the Amazon, Russia and South-east asia. There are various types: blonde, dark, and black, depending on the color.

Peat color

The color is given by the organic substance present in it. The blonde, for example, owes its yellowish shades to the sphagnum moss. This means, therefore, that a sphagnum peat young will be darker with time.

The more young, the more peat will be less decomposed, that is, less acidic. The black one is therefore more decomposed, since it is extracted from deeper layers of the peat.

Blonde peat moss

The blonde is the most acidic, since it is more rich in organic material (up to 97% compared with 90% of the peat of the dark); then it is the best for the preparation of potting soils. But it is also the one with the least amount of ash, therefore less suitable to be used as fuel.

Peat moss sphagnum

The blonde sphagnum, then, is pure, from the very low pH (between 3 and 3.5). Almost devoid of nitrogen and mineral salts, and is suitable for the growth of carnivorous plants.

Peat in the aquarium

Soft, rich in organic substances, the black becomes more porous in the winter, and it is one that is used for aquariums because it is capable of feeding the water with humic acids and trace elements.

For the amount normally used in aquariums, does not change significantly the chemistry of the water, nor is it beneficial to lower the pH. What release is beneficial for certain types of fish, benefits which are reduced in hard water, where should be combined with other softeners of water, such as phosphoric acid.

Often used also only to mimic the color of the natural habitat of the fish by ‘black water’, must not be fertilised, (since it tends to release toxic compounds), or of sphagnum moss, because if immersed for too long, it will tend to rot.

Peat where to buy

You can find in the shops of gardening in nurseries and on the internet. The one for the aquarium, also in pet shops.

Peat price

The cost varies depending on the amount and type. Bales of 250 l of blonde sphagnum can cost you about 40 euro, while with diskettes and vessels does not exceed 20.

The similar prices that aquarium pellets. But in trade, you can also find in the form of granules, compressedformed of fibrous, raw and in liquid products such as extract.

Prices are lowered if you prefer to buy the potting mix (composed of varying percentages of peat) or peat organic pure.

Sphagnum grows?

Thanks to its ability to absorb water like a sponge, sphagnum is able to grow and develop for several square kilometres, giving rise to peat bogs such sfagneti or the peat bogs of peat moss, characterized by acidic water and devoid of minerals. Different sfagneti are also found in Tuscany.

The sphagnum moss will end up?

It is a living organism. So that it may develop, giving rise to the sfagneti, must occur in certain physicochemical conditions in the surrounding environment, including the constant presence of water.

Why bogs are important

Peatlands help to regulate the climate by removing from the atmosphere the carbon dioxide and storing, in exchange for carbon.

Because the peat bogs are diminishing

Through the extraction and the remediation of acts to make room for the new fields, the peat bogs are diminishing in number and scope.

In Italy, disappeared in the peat bogs of the Park of Lura, and they are retiring those of the Sebino, both in Lombardy.

From the peat bogs, you can get renewable energy?

Being the coal ‘younger’, the peat bogs are not a renewable energy source. It is in fact less sustainable fossil carbon, as by burning, produces less energy, but more carbon dioxide.

As the bogs preserve the bodies

This ecosystem is characterized by the almost total absence of oxygen, which is responsible for degradation of the tissues.

It is therefore in places such as bogs that were found in the ‘bog’, or corpses, even human, that have kept the skin and internal organs. The peat in ‘eat’ instead of the bones, which is calcium carbonate.

Peat Ganna

The Lake Ganna is a river basin of the municipality of Valganna, the province of Varese. Part of the protected area Campo dei Fiori regional Park, which also includes the Marsh Pralugano and two bogs, the Pau Majur in the area of Brinzio, and the Peat-bogs of the Carecc.

Both of the wetlands, even though they have been affected over the centuries by different land reclamation works are the natural habitat of many species of fauna and flora, some of which are extremely rare in Italy.

Peat diy

To replace the peat in the aquarium, use a bunch of dead leaves or pine cones on the ontanorthat lower the pH and the quantity of the heavy metals they release humic acids and have antibacterial and antifungal properties.

As a means for the deposition and storage of eggs of ovoviviparity, you can instead use the coconut fiber.

An excellent alternative for the soil is compost, which makes the soil even more lightweight and draining. It is also nutritious, yet require more frequent irrigations (but less abundant).

Another substrate that is sustainable, that more favours the growth and the radicatura and flowering of potted plants, is the fiber of the wood.

In Trentino, at the flower beds, the public, is used instead of the coconut fibre. Lightweight and with a high capacity of water retention, is more biodegradable, and does not cause suffocation of the roots.

The briquettes of peat sustainable?

The carbon present is of vital importance for several species of animals and plants. In Switzerland, the swamps are protected areas since the Eighties, yet every year, there are still extracted 150 thousand tons of peat.

The pellets of peat are organic?

The pellets are often generated from organic waste (wood, shells and other agricultural waste). But, unless there is written explicitly, are not organic. Swamps and peat bogs, in fact, are often located in industrial areas.

The peat pots are good?

The peat pots are containers 100% biocompatible. Make it easier for planting without causing trauma to the roots, and allow an optimal development of plants and vegetables.

Can be useful especially as seedbeds, as they lighten the soil and make it more porous.